AN Expert’sPanel Says The Saraswati River Did Exist

October 16th, 2016 | by e Bangla
AN Expert’sPanel Says The Saraswati River Did Exist

A Committee comprising seven experts is of the firm view that River Saraswati mentioned in scriptures and ancient Indian literary works was a reality but later disappeared from earth. The Himalayan River mentioned in the Vedic literature Haryana, North Gujarat and Rajasthan. The Committee has submitted report on its existence to Union Minister for Water Resource and senior BJP leader Uma Bharati. The findings “cannot be challenged”, she said.
The experts have concluded about the river originating the river in the Himalayas and met gulf in the Arabian Sea on India’s western cost. Professor KS Valdiya, who led the panel, told media after submitting the report to the government in Delhi.
Valdiya, an eminent geologist, said the river passed through Haryana, Rajasthan and north Gujarat, land texture of which was studied by the panel. A senior Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) official asserts The Saraswati River passed through Pakistan before meeting Western Sea through Rann of Kutch and was approximately 4,000 km in length.
One-third of the river stretch fell in present-day Pakistan. The longer, two-third stretch measuring nearly 3,000 km in length fell in India, the official claimed.
In its report, the seven-member committee has stated that the river had two branches – western and eastern. The Himalayan river Sutlej “of the PAST” which flowed through the channels of present-day Ghaggar-Patialiwali rivulets, represents the western branch of the ancient river.
It said, Markanda and Sarsuti considered Saraswati represented the western branch of Saraswati, known as Tons-Yamuna.
Valdiya, a Padma Bhushan recipient, said the committee has come across “an unique” palaeochannel -a path abandoned by river when it changes its course -relating to present Ghaggar, Sarsuti, Hakra and Nara rivers. Historically, he stated, that around 1,700 “small and big” towns and villages were located around the palaeochannel concerned during Harappa Civilisation.
“Some towns were spread over more than 100 hectares.
These colonies were there for 5,500 years. Was it possible that these cities could live without water? No. It means that a flowing river provided water to the towns, villages. Which river it was? What was its name? We worked to find it out,” Valdiya said.
During its six-month research period, the committee studied piles of sediments, their shapes and features which appeared to have been brought by a “big river” and are reminiscent to ones found in present-day Ghaggar, Ganga and Yamuna.”
popular among people from Haryana and several structures and bridges in the state were rechristened after it. The state’s revenue records also suggest so, he added.
Bharti lauded the committee members as “honest” and their efforts as “serious which cannot be challenged”, but stopped short of stating that the report has been accepted by the Ministry.
She said “it will be summarised and discussed” during a convention of experts” the Ministry will organise and also presented to Cabinet.
According to a statement issued by the Ministry later, Bharti said the report is an assertion of assumption that the Saraswati originated from Adibadri in Himalaya to culminate in the Arabian Sea through the Rann of Kutch.
“…this river was once upon a time the lifeline of North-Western states of India and a vibrant series of civilisations from the Mahabharat period to Harappa had flourished on the banks of this river,” the statement quoted her as saying.
Now there is scientific report that Saraswati River did exist, Bharti said. It will be submitted to the Union Cabinet for necessary follow-up action, she said.
The Minister added that the report will be studied by the CGWB as well as experts in the Ministry for its “optimum” use.
“We will see whether we can use water in the palaeochannels to quench thirst of arid areas of Rajasthan, Haryana and Gujarat. We will also see if it can be recharged artificially? Such an effort will be less expensive than coming up with new projects to provide water there,” she said.
The Minister also stated that the government will now prepare summary of the report and hold a convention.
Stating the water held by palaeochannels in the region amounts to billions of cubic metre and is free of pollution, Valdiya urged the government to come out with strict laws to regulate extraction of water from palaeochannels in arid regions “from where the river used to flow”.
He also appealed to Bharti to launch missions to develop systematic database of all surface maps of palaeochannels, to ensure aquifer delineation and development and to recharge palaeochannels.

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